Thailand Accident Research Center Announces Headway in In-depth Accident Investigation in Thailand

Automotive Press Releases Friday August 2, 2019 11:04
Bangkok--2 Aug--Honda Motor
  • Initially, the investigation found factors contributing to accidents experienced by motorcycle users are perception failure, decision failure and reaction failure.
  • Urgent measure to improve the skills of motorcycle users are three parts: perception, decision-making and reaction.

Thailand Accident Research Center (TARC), which specializes in road accident research and analysis under Asian Institute of Technology, announces headway in "In-depth Accident Investigation in Thailand". Supported by Honda and Yamaha, the project aims to investigate 1,000 cases of motorcycle accidents in Thailand between 2016-2020. A total of 600 cases have been investigated so far. Preliminary, the investigation has found factors contributing to accidents are perception failure, reaction failure and decision failure. An urgent measure to be made is to improve the skills of motorcycle drivers.

The press conference saw Mr. Anuchar Sethasathien MD. Advisor for Road Safety, Thai Health Promotion Foundation, Mr. Atsushi Ogata, Executive Director of Asian Honda Motor Co., Ltd.,
Mr. Nobuharu Takahashi, President of Yamaha Motor Asian Center Co., Ltd., and Associate Professor Dr. Kannavee Kanitpong, manager of Accident of Center of Thailand.

TARC successfully found factors that cause to the motorcycle accidents under "In-depth Accident Investigation in Thailand". Supported by Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Asian Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., and Thai Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., the project, aiming at covering 1,000 cases between 2016 and 2020, aims to find the root cause of the accidents by motorcycle in Thailand, to seek a suitable and practical solution. A total of 600 cases have been collected so far and discoveries have been made as follow:

1. Most fatalities from motorcycle accidents are resulted from a crash between a motorcycle and another vehicle or roadside objects. However, an accident resulted from a loss in vehicle control could result in a much less fatal, which is unlikely to cause death, unlike crashing into another vehicle. The most common vehicles that cause of death of a motorcycle user in accidents are private cars, pick-up truck, trucks, followed by parked vehicles on the roadside.

2. The most common pattern of accidents of motorcycle is a sharp cut in front of a traffic flow at a U-turn, intersection or in front of a minor road. Most common fatal accident patterns of motorcycles are a crash in front of or at the back of another vehicle and a crash into another vehicle while making a U-turn.

3. The primary cause of a motorcycle accident mainly resulted from humans, which is as high as 94% of all accidents. A total of 54% is caused by motorcycle driver's failure and 40% by drivers of other vehicles. Accidents that are caused by road conditions and failure of a vehicle are only 4% and 2% respectively.

4. Common failure of motorcycle drivers that cause an accident can be divided into 52% of perception failure, 21% of decision failure, and 19% of reaction failure.
The investigation also found 26% of all accidents are caused by attention failure and another 32% by faulty in traffic strategy.

5. A total of 48% motorcycle accidents is caused by the lack of collision avoidance, mainly resulting from drivers unable to avoid or stop their vehicle in an urgent manner. These drivers were in their full physical capacity, without drowsiness or being drunk, and drove at a normal speed, between 30km/hr and 60km/hr.

6. A total of 40% of motorcycle drivers who were in accident didn't have a driving license. However, 50% of those with a driving license was unable to avoid collision. This shows that even those with a license still lack collision-avoidance skills.

7. More than 85% of motorcycle accidents resulted from drivers who have not attended a safety driving course, but learned how to drive from other family members, friends or by themselves.
8. More than 50% of motorcycle accident deaths resulted from head injuries. The percentage is supported by the fact that more than 60% of motorcycle users do not wear a helmet.
9. A total of 15% of motorcycle accident deaths resulted from drink driving. And more than 90% of them did not wear a helmet.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kannavee Kanitpong, TARC's manager, stated: "The finding has led to two hypotheses. First, most motorcycle riders in Thailand did not attend a safety driving course, resulting in the lack of driving skills and high possibilities of causing accidents. The other, most motorcycle riders lack perception to analyze accident. As a consequence, these drivers can't or don't analyze risk or fatality that may occur to them, and are unable to react to an accident or avoid collision in an emergency situation."

From the preliminary information, the TARC's manager has suggested concerned agencies set up measures to reduce road accidents and fatalities by improving the skills of motorcycle drivers in three parts, perception, decision-making and reaction. The TARC will update a full result of the investigation when the data collection is completed.

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